Societal customs/practices that have been resisting the adoption of blockchain technology

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Although Blockchain technology has been gradually transforming the economic landscape, and various ways in which business transactions are being handled, its adoption is still being resisted by societal customs/practices in many societies.

This article discusses some major societal customs or practices that have been resisting the adoption of blockchain technology. Societal customs/practices can be regarded as a group of rules or activities that influence the way(s) in which people relate or interact with each other.

In order to be face less resistance and be easily adopted, the acceptance of blockchain technology has to overcome societal customs/practices that have been ingrained into societies or groups of people over a long period of time. The following are major societal customs/practices that have been resisting the adoption of Blockchain technology in many societies:

1. The existing market tradition or culture in a society

According to Shackelford & Myers (2017) and Crosby et al. (2016), blockchain technology has to overcome the tradition or culture of existing markets. The implication of this is that the adoption of blockchain technology has been facing resistance from people who have found it difficult―for one reason or another―to accept it, or change their opinion about it. Some studies (Andreasyan, 2016; Brandman & Thampapillai, 2016; Deloitte, 2016) have noted that businesses, authorities and consumers―which have been ingrained with existing market tradition or culture―do not have sufficient understanding about how blockchain works, its potential uses, and what can be achieved by using it.

2. Laws or regulations

Certain laws or regulations prevent the use of blockchain digital currency technology in a society. Sedgwick (2017) noted that the use of cryptocurrencies are completely disallowed in countries like Ecuador, Bangladesh, and Bolivia; although this is the case in many places, Cermeño (2016) stated that regulators and policymakers are concentrating their efforts on regulating the ways in which cryptocurrencies can be used; their aim is to prevent criminal activities and taxation,

Generally speaking, laws or legislation have to be modified or amended in order to incorporate the use of blockchain technology in many societies.

3. The type of government: governance

The level of resistance to blockchain technology depends on the type of government (or government activities) in place. Ølnes et al. (2017) noted that, although blockchain needs to be controlled by government, it is also a viable tool for governing people. There is a difference in the extent to which different political parties believe in different types of technologies; for blockchain technology to be easily adopted, the right belief system should be in place; this would help inspire and create appropriate governance frameworks and applicable laws that make blockchain technology easily adopted.

Conclusion

In order for blockchain technology to face lesser resistance and become more accepted than it has been, existing market traditions have to be modified, laws have to be rewritten, and various types of government systems have to be more aware of what the real nature of blockchain technology is all about: the societal customs/practices that have been resistant to the adoption of blockchain technology can be shaped and erased, depending on the type of society.

References

Andreasyan, T. (2016). ISITC Europe and oasis to define technical standards for blockchain. Banking Technology, 13.

Brandman, G., & Thampapillai, S. (2016). Blockchain – Considering the regulatory horizon. Oxford Business Law Blog.

Cermeño, J. S. (2016). Blockchain in financial services: Regulatory landscape and future challenges for its commercial application. Madrid, Spain: BBVA Research.

Crosby, M., Pattanayak, P., Verma, S., & Kalyanaraman, V. (2016). Blockchain technology: Beyond bitcoin. Applied Innovation, 2, 6–10.

Deloitte (2016). Blockchain: Enigma. Paradox. Opportunity. London: Deloitte LLP.

Ølnes, S., Ubacht, J., & Janssen, M. (2017). Blockchain in government: Benefits and implications of distributed ledger technology for information sharing. Government Information Quarterly, 34(3), 355–364.

Sedgwick, K. (2017). Five countries where bitcoin is illegal.

Shackelford, S. J., & Myers, S. (2017). Block-by-block: leveraging the power of blockchain technology to build trust and promote cyber peace. Yale Journal of Law and Technology, 19, 334.

A Review of PDFelement Pro―PDF Editor software for PC

Although many PDF editors exist in the world, only a few are easy to use, effective, cheap or affordable, and can be used for many purposes. As usual, whatever information or thing I feel is good or important, I always try my best to make it available through blog posts on this site―and this one is no exception.

This post is a review of PDFelement Pro editor (from iskysoft.com) which is among the best PDF editors on the planet because it is effective, affordable, and can be used for many purposes that are relevant to files. I advise that you recommend it to your family members and friends who could need it for practical or professional reasons.

The PDFelement Pro―PDF Editor for PC has a well-designed split-pane interface and a toolbar that stretches from the right to left edges at the top of the PC screen. The toolbar consists of a submenu of different tools that have their respective icons which indicate different functions for editing PDF files, converting PDF files, and other carrying out other functions which are listed below: under “Uses of PDFelement Pro―PDF Editor”.

On the left of the PC screen is a pane that enables any user of the PDF file editor software to open and navigate through the most recently opened PDF files, and their pages. Generally, the main tools also include functions for creating PDF files, editing PDF files, converting PDF files to different types of office files, modifying PDFs, cropping PDF files, and changing the background color of any PDF file or image from one color to another.

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Uses of PDFelement Pro―PDF Editor

After downloading the PDFelement Pro editor and using it, I have observed that it is an easy PDF editor software which has features or functions that can be used for the following purpose:

  • to edit PDF texts, images, and graphics: the software has features that can be used to add notes, instructions or annotations to PDF files.
  • to convert PDF texts, images, and graphics: the software converts PDF files into other formats like MS Word, MS Excel, PowerPoint, Epub, HTML, RTF, TIFF, etc. It is possible to convert files because the PDF editor has OCR (Optical Character Recognition) tool.
  • to perform multiple PDF conversions, and extract data in bulk by using the batch processing tool.
  • to create PDF texts, images, and graphics from Office documents (Word, Excel, PowerPoint, etc.).
  • to redact PDF texts, images, and graphics, and easily compress them.
  • to collaborate with other people or teams that are interested in using several cloud services like Dropbox, Evernote, and Google Drive to work on PDFs. This feature enables many users to access important documents, and work together from any part of the world.

In addition, the software can be used to:

  • combine or merge many PDF files, and split large PDF files into separate files.
  • protect PDF files by signing documents and validating signatures; the software can also be used to clear all signatures: it has a feature that can protect documents with passwords.
  • etc.

Read more information about PDFelement Pro―PDF editor

50% Discount to Get PDFelement Pro―PDF Editor

As at the date of publication of this post, there is a 50% discount to have this easy-to-use PDF file editor software. The actual price for subscription is $159, but due to the 50% discount, the price is reduced by 50% to $79.50.

You might decide to test the free trial version of PDFelement Pro―PDF Editor before you subscribe; in this case, one thing you have to take note of is that there is a difference between the free trial version, and the version for subscription―and the difference is this: on the free trial version, you won’t have access to technical support, a watermark will appear on your PDF documents, and you won’t be able to convert more than 5 pages of each document.

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If you would like to make use of OCR (optical character recognition) to convert images such as scanned paper or pictures from digital cameras into editable data such as PDFs, then you would have to subscribe to PDFelement Pro―PDF Editor for $79.50, which is at 50% discount.

An added advantage of using PDFelement Pro―PDF Editor is that if you subscribe to it, you will be able to convert files into different formats in 23 different languages; this feature will greatly assist people who would like to use the PDF editor for international purposes, or businesses.

The drawbacks of using PDFelement Pro―PDF Editor

  • you may have to hover your cursor over each individual tool/icon in order to discover their individual functions. However, despite this drawback, you will find out that the PDF editor is easy to use, and navigate through.
  • the trial version has limitations.

Conclusion

PDFelement Pro 7 is inexpensive, one of the best PDF editors, and can be used on Windows (10, 8, 7, Vista and XP) and Mac to make documents look appealing and professional.

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The impact of Nigeria’s border closure on its own economy

The mandate of any nation’s customs and border control agencies is to allow licit and legal free trades, and halt illicit and illegal trades. Illicit and illegal trades involve the movement of various types of commodities and services that usually lead to the creation of numerous black markets which have been known to slowly but gradually cripple economies.

Many times in the past, Nigeria usually closed its borders because of one form of illicit trade or another. However, border closure has often led to inefficient operations within licit and legal supply chains, thus increasing costs and time delays, disrupting deliveries, and interrupting the smooth flow of goods and services.

Once again, and recently in August, 2019, Nigeria—which shares boundaries with the republics of Benin, Niger, and Cameroon—closed its land border to the movement of goods. The government declared that it did so in order to halt smuggling of food and weapons into the country, especially from Benin republic.

In many instances, regardless of the situation at hand, most countries don’t often close their borders to the free trade of goods and services. Rather, they close their borders whenever their security is in jeopardy. Examples of countries that have closed their borders in the past in order to enhance national security, include: Eritrea, Kenya, Sudan, and Rwanda—amongst others.

During other circumstances, some countries usually close their borders in order to control or stop the spread of diseases (such as Ebola) that have the potential to travel across borders. It is recommendable to close borders in order to put a halt to arm smuggling; on the other hand, when borders are closed, food becomes scarcer, and inflation ensues, thereby harming the economy and citizens.

As reported in many news outlets, the current president of Nigeria, Muhammadu Buhari, ordered the most recent border closure with one main aim: to curb smuggling of rice (a staple food in Nigeria) from Benin and Niger into Nigeria—Africa’s most populous nation.

According to the government, the most recent and worrying problems that lead to another border closure included the smuggling of rice, and the illicit exportation of cheap subsidized petrol from Nigeria to its neighboring countries. In fact, according to most oil marketers in Nigeria, between 10% and 20% of Nigerian fuel is usually smuggled abroad.

The current Nigeria government, which has been strengthening its economic policies, believes that if it continues allowing importation of cheaper goods, it would be difficult for the country to increase local production and become a self-sufficient nation. Authorities reason that border closure will promote local production; on the other hand, critics argue that when demand exceeds domestic production, the country would have no better option than to fully engage in cross-border trade with neighboring countries.

The truth is that the government cannot always control demand which usually increases due to the increasing number of births and mouths that have to be fed on a daily basis. Since Nigeria doesn’t always have the local capacity to produce enough rice to meet up with the populace’s demand, any attempt to close the border and halt importation could lead to more smuggling, and increase in the price of goods for local consumers.

Any person who can recall the cases of corruption which Nigeria has experienced, would tend to believe that the smuggling of fuel and goods should be blamed on the country’s personnel who have been in charge of securing Nigeria’s borders. The sad fact is that the country’s poor citizens—who are far much more in number than the rich—are the ones who usually suffer when government personnel at the borders receive bribes and allow smuggling to take place to such an extent that the government has no better option than to close its borders.

Although it is quite true that, like all other governments, the Nigeria government has the right to close its borders. On the other hand, whenever borders are closed, it leads to positive and negative impacts on the economy and citizens, with merits and demerits alike.

Positive impact: Merits of Nigeria border closure

  • Although nobody might have sufficient knowledge of the full impact of smuggled fuel, food, drugs and ammunition into Nigeria, border closure has actually helped to prevent excess ammunition and drugs from entering the country, causing economic mayhem, and destroying the futures or lives of children who can possibly become good leaders tomorrow.
  • Border closure boosts Nigeria government’s pockets or revenues because more duties are being received whenever any illegal goods are forced to enter the country legally through the land ports. According the current Nigeria Customs Service boss, Nigeria has made more money since it recently closed its land borders.

Negative impact: Demerits of Nigeria border closure

  • Although border closure can help control the trade of illicit drugs and weapons, the shutdown of the Benin border in particular, has already caused food inflation in Nigeria—and the inflation only continues to accelerate. For instance, since the most recent Nigeria border closure in August, 2019, the cost of buying a bag (50 kilograms) of rice has risen from N 9,000 (about $25) to N 22,000 (about $60).
  • Border closure makes the poor ones in Nigeria to pay higher prices for goods, while those responsible for smuggling live comfortably. It seems that the government is not aware that most poor people don’t have the means to acquire, store, and transport and smuggle large volumes of goods and services—these are the same people that border closure harms the most.
  • Whenever there is border closure, most businesses and markets that create income in border communities usually shut down, and the passage of taxis, motorcycles, trucks and passengers drastically reduces. The price of petrol usually shoots up and doubles, while motorcycle and taxi drivers triple their own prices. Small businesses that depend on cross-border trading, usually fold up. The helpless society ends up suffering because of a handful of powerful smugglers who either have ties with government officials, or ties with themselves and ordinary people who they have control over.
  • Border closure negatively impacts Nigerian businesses that focus on exporting goods and services. The impression most people would get from statements made by Nigeria government is that border closure works only one way—on importation; it seems the government hasn’t looked enough at the other side—on exportation. It has to be noted that Nigeria, which is actually a net exporter through borders, can also affect its exportation whenever it closes its borders. In fact, a recent report made by FSDH Merchant bank clearly stated that some textile firms in northern Kano city closed down because they could no longer export goods across the border with Niger republic.
  • Border closure has been giving Nigeria a negative impression in a committee of nations like ECOWAS. Why? Because it breaches the accepted protocol on the free movement of services, goods, and people. There is a protocol, or an understanding established by the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), to which Nigeria belongs. Nigeria’s position on border closure reveals how less concerned it is about making free trade as free as it has agreed that it should be. Border closure undermines and devalues agreements, and could destroy any trust, understanding and goodwill.
  • With intermittent or temporary border closure around the “giant of Africa”, it might be much more difficult for pessimistic critics to agree how free trade would increase intra-Africa trade to 60% by 2022, as has been earlier projected. Border closure has raised concerns about the type of free trade that is being practiced in West Africa, especially as it has been known to cause shortages in supply of materials that have been imported from Nigeria to neighboring countries.

Recommendations to Nigeria government

It can be complex and extremely demanding to manage and facilitate legitimate and legal free trade while concurrently preventing illicit trade—but it can be done! Experience has proven that border closure, on its own, will not be able to solve the problems that arise as a result of smuggling.

Also, a porous border could be indirectly reflecting the corruption of some unknown or hidden Nigeria government officials, and the failure of the Nigeria Customs Service to carry out its duties in an efficient manner.

Nigeria government officials argue that Nigeria’s porous borders allow people to smuggle goods and services and still not pay tariffs and excise duties. Instead of closing the borders intermittently and causing untold hardship for border communities, and businesses of neighboring Benin and Niger, the Nigeria government should take a critical look at its personnel—the ones who are in charge of securing its porous borders. A strong inquiry should be made in order to find out whether the personnel are actually doing the work they ought to do. Are they fulfilling their duties on behalf of the nation? A nation usually reflects the qualities and characteristics of the people who work for it.

The influence that unquestionable cabals and powerful interest groups have on political decisions, would make an ordinary citizen have no belief in any type of border closure, especially when it has been ineffective in the past. The following are recommendable:

  • the Nigerian government should take a critical look at its customs service personnel and remove the inefficient ones; if it doesn’t do so, each time it reopens its borders, the same old smuggling activities could still rise up and continue because of the presence of corrupt personnel. In many cases, Nigeria needs a competent customs service, not intermittent or temporary border closures.
  • the Nigeria government should modernize or improve the state of its customs service by using more information technology and applying more formal management procedures which can improve accountability and transparency which are the cornerstones of incorruptible societies. Whatever the case may be, the Nigeria government should honor its free trade agreement with ECOWAS, and still improve its existing port logistics; in addition, it should construct and properly link all known and yet-to-be-discovered railway lines and road infrastructures. Reliable evidence-gathering techniques should be considered and employed, such as undercover operations and electronic surveillance.
  • after leaving farming and relying heavily on fuel for decades, the Nigeria government should be patient and use as many years (as it left agriculture for fuel) to invest in farming; and it should do so to such an extent that it won’t make the poor masses suffer whenever there is border closure—or whenever border closure becomes to necessary, especially for security reasons. Although it is true that border closure could help to boost local food production, it should also be noted that food—especially rice, its staple food—takes time to grow; it also needs extra time to be harvested, processed and sold. Moreover, the country’s struggling farming industry cannot keep up with the huge increase in its citizens’ demand for a staple food like rice. Generally speaking, in the present-day, Nigeria is not yet sufficient enough to close its borders without making its citizens suffer for it.
  • whenever it becomes necessary to close borders, border closure should go hand-in-hand with strategies that can build economic growth and address a range of social needs, including health, education, social security, job opportunities and environmental stewardship.
  • the Nigeria government should promote shared responsibility: it should increase public-private dialogue on the issue of border closure and promote partnerships with organizations and governments that can help address the global nature of illicit trade which border closure hopes to prevent. Public and private organizations do have evidence-based work programs that can effectively address and halt illicit trades.
  • the Nigeria government should strengthen its legislation by actually penalizing people who conspire and participate in smuggling. Nigeria security agencies, which are widely known for taking bribes and allowing offenders to get off the legal hook, should be compelled to act better than they have been doing.

The greatest wisdom lies in knowing that you know nothing (The inspiring story of Socrates.)

Naturally, when anybody opens up their mind to absorb more knowledge, or learn anything, they become more knowledgeable—and in many in stances, wiser! This is exactly what part of the title of this article means, especially when knowledge is gained on the platform of “knowing nothing”—or, at least, “knowing little”.

A lot of wise people have lived on the Earth, and vanished from it. Many of them left their mark, but there is one person whose story and status as one of the wisest people ever, will continue to ring strong inspiring bells in the heart of humanity—Socrates!

The major problem in today’s world, as it was during Socrates’ time in ancient Greece, was that many people who were regarded as elites, professionals, or philosophers, “knew quite a lot”—but didn’t know as much as Socrates had presumed that they knew prior to the time he interviewed them, and interacted with them intellectually.

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Socrates was a common man who came from a poor background and lived in Athens of ancient Greece. He lived during a time when human beings believed so much in nature spirits whom they worshipped and called “gods”.

Socrates was not well bred; this made him a bit disadvantaged during his times; he wasn’t considered to be among the “elite class” neither. He was a polite man who—unlike the elites, professionals and philosophers—offered his services for free. He didn’t care much about being popular; he didn’t start or establish any school like the philosophers who lived after his time.

The beginning: How Socrates arrived at the conclusive and popular statement: “The greatest wisdom lies in knowing that you know nothing”

Along the journey of life, many people come across a lot of statements and beliefs, and are taught a lot of things which “might” or “might not” be true. Many people accept whatever they are told or informed, but this was never the case with Socrates.

Socrates was always inquisitive about everything and never accepted anything as true until he could prove or disprove it by himself; even the oracle at Delphi—the oracle of the ancient Greek gods—couldn’t convince him that he was the wisest person during his time.

Actually, Socrates started gaining popularity in the ancient world when the powerful oracle of Delphi declared that he was the wisest man alive. When this information spread around like wild fire, everybody wanted to know who Socrates was—even the people who had already known him as an inquisitive person who was never fed up of asking about the why, when, where, how of everything.

How would someone so inquisitive and thirsty for knowledge be the wisest man alive? How could that be? How? While people were trying to know more about Socrates, he was already busy questioning the oracle’s judgement and proclamation, and asking why he was the wisest man in the whole wide world. In fact, when he received the news, he called himself a fool—but the oracle still insisted that he was the wisest person!

The overly inquisitive Socrates was confused. Why? In terms of reputation and records, he had none; he was a novice, and nowhere near the elevated heights of the elites, professionals, philosophers, or popular Sophists of his time. On the other hand, his earthly reputation didn’t change the reputation that the lofty gods had concerning him; they esteemed him to be the wisest person, and that was the end of the discussion—the oracle of Delphi would say no more! For it had spoken as loud and as clear as usual.

Socrates’ personal search for the truth led to his conclusion that “The greatest wisdom lies in knowing that you know nothing”

As Socrates saw it, in terms of reputation and records, which the society held and still holds on high esteem, he really knew nothing at all. Socrates wouldn’t accept the oracle’s judgement; so he made a strong decision to find out why the oracle of Delphi declared he was the wisest man when the politicians and most elite people of the day didn’t even know he existed.

He made up his mind to continue being as skeptical as he used to be about everything prior to the declaration of the oracle. In order to be convinced, he decided to make it his life’s mission to put the judgement of the oracle to test. To do this, he started interviewing the greatest and most elite people in ancient Greece, and assess the type of wisdom they had. He wanted to know what stuff they were made of.

Socrates knew that if he could convincingly find someone who was wiser than himself, he would be able to disprove the wise oracle for the first time ever. In all reality, the oracle at Delphi was very powerful and believed to have never failed when making judgements or declarations.

Years later he came to a wise conclusion which is a grand lesson for all humanity

After interviewing the first person who happened to be an elite politician, Socrates concluded that—although the politician, and many people thought that the politician was wise—the politician was not really wise.

In fact, after the interview, as Socrates was walking away from the politician, he reflected in his thoughts: “Well, I am certainly wiser than this man. It is only too likely that neither of us has any knowledge to boast of; but he thinks that he knows something which he does not know, whereas I am quite conscious of my ignorance…it seems that I am wiser than he is to this small extent—that I do not think that I know what I do not know.”

It was based on this insight that Socrates used to approach future interviews, and mold his unique foundation for philosophy. The masses, and the politician whom Socrates interviewed, believed that the politician was wise and knew enough to be regarded as a wise man.

Yet, after having a conversation with the man, Socrates came to the conclusion that the politician overestimated the level of the knowledge and wisdom he (the politician) possessed. In addition, the politician pretended to know things that he didn’t really know much or anything about.

In many aspects of life, the politician was regarded as being intellectually superior to Socrates, but Socrates found out that the man foolishly assumed that he knew many other things, and that his assumptions gave him the privilege to assume things beyond his specialization or subject domain.

Certainly, this type of mentality is not the hall mark of true wisdom. Maybe if King Solomon or Jesus Christ lived during the time of Socrates, and Socrates had visited them, he might have been able to disprove the oracle’s judgement because of the history of their profound wisdom—this is a subject for discussion which would be suitable for another day.

Socrates compared his wisdom with that of the politician and further concluded that he was wiser than the politician, and not because he knew more than the politician, but because, unlike the politician, he (Socrates) knew that there were many things that he (Socrates) didn’t know, and he (Socrates) admitted!

Every day afterwards, Socrates discovered that many elite people pretended to know what they had no knowledge of

To Socrates’ surprise, other politicians and elite people with the highest reputation (whom he later interviewed) were almost completely deficient of real wisdom; also, many people who had much lesser reputations were much wiser than the so-called “highly reputable elites” of the society.

It got to a point that Socrates lost belief he would ever find a wise person. Even poets of his time, when questioned, couldn’t convincingly state the meaning of the poems they wrote. When asked many questions, the poets were just as arrogant as the politicians.

With time, Socrates observed that the whole society was making a mistake by assuming that people who had a certain specialty were “wise” or “elite”. He began to believe that it was wrong to assume that people who had success or a special talent, were generally wise, or geniuses.

Socrates was perplexed by how people carried themselves so high as if they possessed all the knowledge in the world; worst still, when questioned, most of them weren’t capable of proving that they had certain knowledge they indirectly claimed to have.

Socrates discovered a lot when trying to disprove the oracle’s declaration that he was the wisest man of his time: everywhere he turned to, he found presumptuous and arrogant elite people who were only pretending to be wise, but didn’t have “real wisdom”.

Finally, Socrates believed that there was nothing spectacular about the wisdom he possessed—even though he had come to the conclusion that other people were not a wise as they claimed to be

At the end of Socrates’ attempt to disprove the oracle—which he couldn’t—he started believing that the oracle could be right after all; but even so, there wasn’t anything interesting about his wisdom that one should be too excited about.

He felt that, although other people liked to exaggerate what they knew, and show off their wisdom, he wasn’t necessarily wiser than them. He started asking himself:

  • What if being wise means not having enough knowledge, and admitting that one doesn’t have enough knowledge?
  • What if being wise means not having enough knowledge, and being aware of ones limitations?
  • What if being wise means finding out how much one does not know?
  • What if the wisest person on Earth didn’t necessarily have all or sufficient knowledge, but was someone who had the courage to admit that he knew very little, or nothing?

Conclusion

It is very likely that the powerful and real-life oracle of Delphi in ancient Greece was right from the very beginning when it had proclaimed that Socrates was the wisest man of his age, regardless of the fact that he was a nobody in society, and was a novice who was nowhere near the level of the so-called elite class of his time.

Whatever the oracle truly meant—which is not so clear—Socrates wanted to get clarity about it, and pursue it to the later end; and he did with all humility, simplicity and honesty. Socrates critically addressed the things that people think they know and what they really know—these are two different things that people always mix together and cause a lot of disharmony in the society—sometimes, leading to a fake society.

It is true that when compared to universal knowledge (knowledge of the universe, or knowledge of everything), we don’t know much at all; only GOD does! However, this shouldn’t stop us from exploring and learning more without being boastful or excessively assuming.

(Featured Image Credit: Pixabay.com.)

10 important things you should “do” and 10 others you should “not do” in order to be contented and successful in life

Where do you think you will be in the next three or five years? Probably, you could be in the most beautiful city having fun with family or friends; or maybe, you could be on an Island you had longed desired to visit since you were a kid. If we take fortune out of the scenario, the plans and actions you take today will go a long way in determining the extent to which you will be contented and successful future.

To a great extent, your success lies in your hands. Regardless of how many definitions people have for contentment and success, contentment and success actually depend a lot on what you define them to be. Your definitions might differ a lot from the definitions of other people.

What make you contented and successful in life is personal to you. Your siblings, partner, parents and friends might have their own definitions of contentment and success, but their definitions will always remain their own; they aren’t meant for you! Whatever makes or will make you feel contented, happy and successful, is what your definition of contentment and success should be.

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Being contented and successful isn’t necessarily about having all the riches in the world, or winning every award. Actually, it’s all about personal fulfilment. One person might feel contented and successful travelling around the world, while another person might feel contented and successful pursuing their own passion in a country, city, or even a small village.

Although we might not always be able to give an all-encompassing definition of contentment and success, history has shown that there are certain things that can give and maximize one’s level of contentment and success, and make one more contented, productive, happy, and successful.

Generally, there are some things you must do, and others you must not do—“do not”:

10 important things you should do in order to be contented and successful

(1) Find what you like doing and engage in it

Oprah Winfrey once made a statement that has become a very popular quote: “You know you are on the road to success if you would do your job and not be paid for it”. In order words, if you would be happy doing your job without receiving payment, then you are on the road to success. If you don’t like something, then you would be wasting your time engaging in it.

(2) Always be positive and think big

It might be difficult to always feel big or great, but it will always be great to feel great. The danger most of us will ever face will arise because of our inability to think positively, and think big. Many people fall too short of their expectations because from the very beginning, they aimed too low and were consistently negative along the way. Don’t always put away your dreams because of negativity, or because you want to follow an easier route that leads to nowhere. Have faith and unwavering thoughts that you will succeed!

(3) Balance or harmonize your work together with your life

Success could become as boring as it usually does whenever people concentrate or engage too much in what they like, and to such an extent that it takes over all other interesting things in their lives—they make their work or dreams take over their life instead of harmonizing the two together by providing time for both work and life. Don’t spend countless hours on your work or dreams to the detriment of your entire life.

(4) Be consistently active—always be willing to work

Every now and then, give yourself a task to do—be active! If we think about all the great achievements that a number of men and women accomplished and make this world a much better place, we will appreciate the benefits of being active and sticking to commitments. Leonardo da Vinci once said something like this: “It had long since come to my attention that people of accomplishment rarely sat back and let things happen to them. They went out and made things happen”.

(5) Be courageous enough to follow your intuition and take risks

If you strongly believe and desire to achieve something, then you might have a faint idea about what to do in order to materialize it. When you have sufficient belief and perception, no matter how little, don’t be afraid to take a step (or necessary steps) to get things going. Generally, you have to trust your own instincts in many areas of life.

(6) Establish positive relationships

The best societies, organizations and institutions are the ones that have or cultivate positive relationships which lead to productivity and success. The best types of leaders or people have always been those who never causes commotions, and didn’t fight with people; they were friendly to everyone around them, and people liked them for their friendly nature.

(7) Always have faith—believe that you have the ability to succeed

Success depends a lot on your how much imagine yourself achieving something(s)—achieving the unseen! In life you will always come across people who will doubt your abilities and give you reasons why you won’t achieve your goals and desires, most especially when you are yet to take a step; but regardless of what they think, do, or say, keep on having faith in your own abilities; then one day your hidden potential will come to light much to your utter surprise!

(8) Always educate yourself

We all know the popular wise words: “knowledge is power”. Indeed, knowledge is really power, and probably more than power too. Educating yourself with knowledge and skills could enhance your potential. On terms of financial success, studies have shown that the more knowledgeable or educated one is, the more like they are to make money. Not all types of education have to be formal; one can be educated on anything that can bring contentment and success.

(9) Set boundaries with certain types of people

Generally, be loving, caring, and have open arms, but don’t accept disrespect and abuse from people who normally emit negative vibes. The world has very odd and negative people, and it’s better to know when and how to handle some of their excesses which could infect you on the long run when you don’t straighten things out and early enough.

(10) Always be ready for the unexpected—anything can happen tomorrow

As long as you live, do all you can to acquire knowledge and understand how things work, but always keep this thought in mind: no amount of knowledge or understanding can take away the unexpected circumstances that each person will inevitably face tomorrow. Always have a Plan B in mind in case the unexpected happens.

10 important things you should not do in order to be contented and successful

(1) Do not blame other people whenever things don’t work

Everyone will be able to taste true success if they put down their garments of excuses, stop making excuses, and start being accountable for most of the things they blame other people for. Most people have the tendency to blame others, and this usually delays collective progress.

(2) Do not doubt yourself—don’t be afraid of failure

Your level of confidence today will continue to play a huge role in how contented or successful you will be in the future. Confidence in yourself can take you to the next level even when you are yet to achieve your dreams. Don’t pay attention to doubts. Whenever you feel discouraged, concentrate on positivity and ignore discouragement and doubt.

(3) Do not put important things off

It can be difficult to change. Self-improvement and self-development are not always easy initiate and do. When things are difficult, it becomes easier to keep them for another day. Stop procrastinating, and start putting those important pieces together. To be contented and succeed at the highest level, you must stop putting off important things.

(4) Do not think that you don’t have a choice

Regardless any circumstance, there will always be a choice. Sometimes you might even have to choose between two things that look equally average, below average, or even bad. However, there will still be a chance to make a choice. In any situation, don’t sell your soul!

(5) Do not always continue doing the same thing and expecting a different result—use new ideas

Although many people are aware that two plus two will always be equal to four, they waste all their determination and energy to make two plus two equal to five, or a number that’s much higher—this is illogical and unnatural! Albert Einstein said—and I agree—that insanity means “doing the same thing and expecting a different result”. The truth of the matter is that in many areas of life, if you keep using one approach, you will continue to get the same results, no matter how much you hope for something else.

(6) Do not expect everything to always work out precisely the way want

People can be untrustworthy, and nature does things whenever or however it likes; so nothing is completely certain—this has been the way of the world since the beginning. Don’t trust anyone completely, and don’t always expect people to love or help you. On the other hand, do all you can to make things work, and leave the rest in the hands of people and Mother Nature. Note that everything will not always work out on its own; be creative and take responsibility for yourself.

(7) Do not say “yes” when you are supposed to say “no”

The Christian Bible says, “let your yes be yes, and your no be no”. When you say “yes” to one thing, then at the same time you would be saying “no” to others. If you say yes to academics and examinations, then you must say no to “playing around consistently”. The major problem in our society today is that saying “no” is a great challenge for many people, and this has caused a lot of problems in organizations, businesses, and relationships because saying “yes” has led to lots of disasters. In many instances, refrain from using comments like “I am not certain”, “I might not be able to”, etc.

(8) Do not mismanage your finances

Regardless of your income or how much you make, if you manage your money, your financial stability will be ensured and maintained over a long period of time. Keep track of your expenses in order to have insight and prevent over-spending—or spending on irrelevant things. Take a critical look at your expenses in order to be sure your finances are not wasting.

(9) Do not compare your life with the lives of other people

It is quite unfortunate that many people measure their progress or success in life by comparing their lives with that of other people who live around or far away from them. Many people have the tendency to compare the negatives in their lives with the positives in the lives of other people. Instead of comparing yourself with people who are better off than you, think about all the homeless, poor and severely ill people whom you are better off than—count your blessings! If you want to start feeling contented and successful, value your own life and the things you have, great or small.

(10) Don’t live in the past—live in the present, and concentrate on the future

There could be a lot of benefits gained from by looking at past successes, and getting inspiration from them; however, one should be careful because if it gets to one’s head, it could make one become stagnant and not move ahead to achieve more success. Also, if one concentrates on a negative past, they could become much more negative and not achieve anything substantial in the future.

(Featured Image Credit: Pixabay.com.)

How to make money by browsing with CryptoTab Browser

Until about two months ago, I never imagined I could use a browser to browse make money at the same time, especially in the world’s strongest currency: the “Bitcoin”. As you might have known, at the time of writing, one Bitcoin (BTC) is currently equal to about $8,764.

In case you don’t know much about Bitcoin but are interested in knowing more, you can search for information about it on Google or any other search engine; read about the year it was created and how it has grown in strength and popularity over the years.

Click here, install CryptoTab browser and start browsing and earning Bitcoins immediately

What inspired me to take interest in Bitcoins in 2016 was the story of a Norwegian man who bought 5,000 Bitcoins (which was about $27 in 2009) and forgot about them, only to discover in October 2013—four years later—that the value of his forgotten Bitcoins had shot up $980,000 or £886,000. You can read about that here.

In 2019, the same 5,000 BTC that was equal to $27 in 2009, and $980,000 in 2013, is now equal to $43,820,000.

After hearing about the rise in value of Bitcoins, the Norwegian figured out the password to his Bitcoin wallet, opened it and was surprised at what he saw, but sold a portion of his Bitcoins. With the money, he bought an apartment in an expensive part of Oslo, Norway. All thanks to the surging rise in value of the Bitcoin which has often been overlooked in the past.

This is a screenshot of the all-time stats for the rise and fall of Bitcoin as shown in my Bitcoin wallet (similar to an online/offline bank account) which shows the official and current rate of Bitcoin (BTC) to Nigerian Naira (NGN): currently, 1 BTC = NGN 3,120,001 = $8,764.

1_Bitcoin all-time stats

When I started using a Bitcoin wallet to buy and invest in Bitcoin online businesses a few years ago, I earned quite a good amount of money, and it helped a lot in many areas of my life. At different times, I earned between hundreds of dollars, and a few thousand dollars. I never wanted to take greater risks when investing. At times it was risky to invest.

In 2017 I started investing Bitcoin on some websites and earning. At the time, the rate of Bitcoin to US Dollar was around 1 BTC = $1,300, or NGN 460,000 (Nigerian Naira). Mind you, in 2015 the rate was as low as 1 BTC = NGN 49,000; while in 2016 it was around 1 BTC = NGN 88,000.

Bitcoin has been rising and falling, but generally it has always been rising. In 2018 it rose to an all-time high of 1 BTC = over $10,000 = over NGN 3,500,000; while in January 2019 it dropped to a rate of 1 BTC = NGN 1.3 million, and in November it has been around 1 BTC = NGN 3.12 million.

I actually made money from Bitcoin online businesses in the past, especially in 2017—but I didn’t make it from browsing. I made it from investing in websites that traded Bitcoins and gave out interest to registered members; the interest rate depended on the amount of money each user or registered member invested.

Anyone can actually make money in Bitcoin while browsing on CryptoTab browser by searching for favorite websites and videos, or doing anything interesting. There is no compulsion when you already love something that is as interesting and adventurous as browsing or surfing the internet.

You can make much greater money with CryptoTab browser if you refer people (get referrals) like I recently did after publishing an article titled: “How to make money immediately with your social media accounts or blogs”.

After publishing and republishing the article a number of times, a lot of people signed up, and I have already earned more from an accumulated percentage of my referrals earnings than I’ve made by personally using shortened URLs from Adfly.

For the benefit of those who haven’t used or seen a Bitcoin wallet, or statement of a Bitcoin transaction, the following screenshots of my Bitcoin wallet have been attached to show how a typical Bitcoin wallet transaction statement appears whenever I receive Bitcoins:

1_How a Bitcoin transaction statement looks like

2_How bitcoin transactions look

The screenshots below show a series of transactions for the Bitcoins which I earned daily and was receiving from Bitcoin investment websites I registered with in the past. They usually sent Bitcoins straight into my two Bitcoin wallets on Luno (formerly BitX) and Blockchain respectively:

3_received bitcoins

4_Received Bitcoins

7_blockchain account

You can use the same time you usually use for browsing, to also make money by browsing on CryptoTab Browser and earning in the world’s strongest currency—the “Bitcoin”

If you are form Nigeria, South Africa, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, and need a Bitcoin wallet, you can get one from Luno (formerly BitX) for free. Click here and sign up.

If you are from any part of the world, including the five nations I just listed in the previous paragraph, you can get a free Bitcoin wallet from the most trusted giant in the business: the “Blockchain”. Sign up here.

Every country that allows Bitcoin trading transactions has exchangers who usually buy Bitcoins and send the equivalent (in local currency) into the local bank account of the person or people that sell Bitcoins. This is a screenshot of Bitcoins which I sold in Nigeria at a certain time in the past; the equivalent in Naira (NGN) was sent to my local bank account.

5_sold bitcoins

Instead of taking risks to invest in Bitcoin online trading businesses, you could use your time (like you usually do whenever you browse the internet) to browse on CryptoTab browser and earn Bitcoins.

If you would like to use this great opportunity and make money from the world’s strongest currency while doing what you like doing best online—surfing—then click here and get CryptoTab browser which is the world’s first browser to have Bitcoin mining features, widely used by more than 9 million people across the world!

If you are really interested, don’t waste time; click here and download CryptoTab browser on the page that would open. There are CrytoTab browsers for Windows, android phones (Google), or Apple phones and tablets (Apple Inc.)—depending on your operating system.

6_cryptotab browser

Before downloading and using CryptoTab browser, it is important note that besides making money, CryptoTab Browser is a free lightweight browser that has additional functionality to mine and earn Bitcoins, and still make your browsing experience fast and comfortable.

How to install CryptoTab Browser

CryptoTab Browser is available on its website here. You may follow these instructions in order to install it:

  • Download the installation file
  • If prompted, click “Run” or “Save”
  • If you chose “Save”, double-click “download” in order to start installing
  • Start your new CryptoTab browser.

After you successfully install the browser, you will be asked to sign in with your Google account in order to start browsing and earning Bitcoins.

(Featured Image Credit: Pixabay.com.)